Health reform bill’s delayed implementation will spark another round of reform
The Patient Protection and Affordability Act was enacted largely in response to a perceived crisis in health care in the U.S. That sense of urgency propelled the reform train forward over objections that the nation’s medical care system would be effectively deprivatized to a greater extent than it was by Medicaid and Medicare more than four decades ago.
But most of the law’s provisions don’t take effect until 2014 and thus don’t provide an immediate solution to what’s seen as an immediate problem. Premium rates in the individual health insurance market — which covers only about five percent of working age Americans but provided much of the impetus for the Act’s enactment — are rising in response to higher underlying medical care costs.
Between now and Jan. 1, 2014 when health insurance purchasing exchanges are set to begin operating with the expectation they will provide increased power to individuals and small businesses to bargain for lower rates, both can expect to see their premiums rise above levels many complain are already unaffordable in a presently busted boom and bust economy.
What this means is health insurance reform isn’t over — because the crisis isn’t over. Expect another round of omnibus reform as the distress in the individual and small business market continues and grows amid concern that the underlying medical cost drivers haven’t been adequately tamed. This will clearly affect the political environment. Policymakers won’t be able to satisfy constituents by telling them to wait until 2014 to see if things get better.