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PCIP serving as catastrophic market of last resort

The interim high risk pool created as part of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) to provide a market of last resort for people who buy their own health insurance but who can’t meet medical underwriting standards has become a catastrophic risk pool serving people with very high cost conditions.

According to a federal government report issued this week, those covered by the Pre-Existing Condition Insurance Plan (PCIP) are averaging annual costs more than double the $13,026 actuaries estimated in November 2010, The Washington Post reports.

A review of the report shows nearly 80 percent of claims costs are attributable to five medical conditions: cancer, cardiovascular disease, rehabilitative care and aftercare, and degenerative joint diseases.  The higher than expected costs indicate that after getting off to a slow start in 2010, the PCIP could spend all of the $5 billion the PPACA appropriated to it by 2014 when insurers must accept all applicants regardless of medical condition or history.  However, several factors are likely to moderate future enrollments.  They include high premiums, the requirement that applicants be medically uninsured for at least six months as well as pre-existing state run high risk pools already serving those deemed medically uninsurable by private insurers and health plans.

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